Andover's Chem 300: 

Accelerated/Honors Chemistry

(SAT+)

 

 

 

Table of Contents

 

 

 

(Note:  You should have a periodic table with element symbols and names, atomic numbers, and average atomic masses as well as a scientific calculator as you use this textbook.)

 

 

 

Chapter 1:  Converting Units and Rounding Answers

 

Section 1-1:  Converting Units Using Dimensional Analysis

Section 1-2:  Significant Figures

Section 1-3:  Rounding Answers

Section 1-4:  Density

Section 1-5:  Experiment – Determining the Density of a Solid by Water Displacement

 

 

 

Chapter 2:  The Mole

 

Section 2-1:  Introduction to Avogadros Number and the Mole

Section 2-2:  Molar Mass

Section 2-3:  Converting Between  Mass and Number of Atoms or Molecules

 

 

 

Chapter 3:  Composition of Compounds and Experimental Determination of Chemical Formulas

 

Section 3-1:  Percent Composition by Mass

Section 3-2:  Determination of Empirical and Molecular Formulas

Section 3-3:  Experiment – Determining the Formula of a Hydrate

 

 

 

Chapter 4:  Balancing Chemical Equations and Stoichiometry

 

Section 4-1:  Balancing Chemical Equations and States of Matter

Section 4-2:  Mole Ratios and Stoichiometry

Section 4-3:  Limiting Reagents

Section 4-4:  Percent Yield

 

 

 

Chapter 5:  Gases

 

Section 5-1:  The Ideal Gas Law

Section 5-2:  Gas Stoichiometry

Section 5-3:  Determining Molar Mass of a Gas and Gas Density

Section 5-4:  Other Gas Laws

Section 5-5:  Measuring Pressure With Barometers and Manometers

Section 5-6:  Collecting Gases Over Water

Section 5-7:  Experiment - Determining the Gas Constant R

Section 5-8:  Graham's Law

 

 

 

Chapter 6:  Solutions

 

Section 6-1:  Molarity

Section 6-2:  Solution Stoichiometry

Section 6-3:  Dilution

 


 

Chapter 7:  Atomic Structure

 

Section 7-1:  Protons, Neutrons, and Electrons

Section 7-2:  Average Atomic Mass

Section 7-3:  Atomic Orbitals and Electron Configurations

Section 7-4:  Orbital Diagrams

 


 

Chapter 8:  Trends in the Periodic Table

 

Section 8-1:  Group Names

Section 8-2:  Atomic and Ionic Radius

Section 8-3:  Ionization Energy and Electron Affinity

 


 

Chapter 9:  Chemical Bonding and Nomenclature

 

Section 9-1:  Relationship Between Groups and Number of Valence Electrons

Section 9-2:  Electronegativity

Section 9-3:  Ionic Bonding and Ionic Nomenclature

Section 9-4:  Molecular Compounds, Covalent Bonding, and Lewis Structures

Section 9-5:  Bond Length, Resonance, and Formal Charge

Section 9-6:  Nomenclature of Binary Molecular Compounds

Section 9-7:  Introduction to Organic Nomenclature

Section 9-8:  Names of Common Acids

 

 

 

Chapter 10:  Chemical Tests and Chemical Reaction Types

 

Section 10-1:  Laboratory Tests to Identify Chemicals

Section 10-2:  Diatomic Nonmetals

Section 10-3:  Combustion of Organic Compounds

Section 10-4:  Reactions Involving Metals or Metal Compounds

Section 10-5:  Aqueous Ionic Compounds and Molarity of Ions

Section 10-6:  Solubility Rules, Precipitation Reactions, and Net Ionic Equations

Section 10-7:  Acid + Base Neutralization Reactions and Molecular Equations

Section 10-8:  Experiment – Acid + Base Titration

 

 

 

Chapter 11:  Molecular Geometry, Polarity of Molecules, and Advanced Bonding Theory

 

Section 11-1:  Molecular Geometry:  Using VSEPR Theory to Determine Three-Dimensional Shapes and Bond Angles

Section 11-2:  Polarity of Molecules

Section 11-3: Hybridization

Section 11-4:  Sigma and Pi Bonds

 

 

 

Chapter 12:  Crystal Types and Intermolecular Forces

 

Section 12-1:  Crystal Types

Section 12-2:  Intermolecular Forces

Section 12-3:  Like Dissolves Like and Solubility

 

 

 

Chapter 13:  Thermochemistry

 

Section 13-1:  Enthalpy of Reaction, H

Section 13-2:  Estimating H Using Bond Energies

Section 13-3:  Calculating H Using Hesss Law

Section 13-4:  Calculating H Using Standard Enthalpies of Formation, Hf

Section 13-5:  Heat Transfer and the First Law of Thermodynamics

Section 13-6:  Experiment - Determining the Specific Heat of a Metal Using Calorimetry

Section 13-7:  Experiment – Determining H Using Calorimetry 

Section 13-8:  H for Changes of Physical State and Heating/Cooling Curves

Section 13-9:  Experiment – Determining Hfusion of Ice

 

 

 

Chapter 14: Thermodynamics

 

Section 14-1:  Predicting the Sign of the Entropy Change, S

Section 14-2:  Calculating S° Using Standard Entropies, S°

Section 14-3:  The Second Law of Thermodynamics and Gibbs Free Energy Change, G

Section 14-4:  The Effect of Temperature on G and the Spontaneity of Reactions

Section 14-5:  Calculating G° from Standard Gibbs Free Energies of Formation, Gf°

 

 

 

Chapter 15: Equilibrium

 

Section 15-1:  Equilibrium Constant, Kc and Kp, Expressions

Section 15-2:  Equilibrium Calculations and RICE Charts

Section 15-3:  Reaction Quotients, Qc and Qp

Section 15-4:  Heterogeneous Equilibria

Section 15-5:  Le Châtelier’s Principle

Section 15-6:  Converting Between Kc and Kp

Section 15-7:  Relationship Between G° and Equilibrium Constants

 

 

 

Chapter 16: Oxidation-Reduction (Redox) Reactions and Electrochemistry

 

Section 16-1:  Oxidation and Reduction Half-Reactions

Section 16-2:  Using Oxidation Numbers to Identify Oxidizing and Reducing Agents

Section 16-3:  Balancing Redox Reactions in Aqueous Acidic Solutions

Section 16-4:  Using a Standard Reduction Potentials Table to Compare Strengths of Oxidizing and Reducing Agents

Section 16-5:  Calculating E°cell and G° to Determine Spontaneity of Redox  Reactions

Section 16-6:  Redox Reactions of Metals, Acids, and Halogens

Section 16-7:  Experiment – Constructing a Galvanic Cell

Section 16-8:  Nonspontaneous Redox Reactions and Electrolysis

 

 

 

Chapter 17: Acids and Bases

 

Section 17-1:  Arrhenius Theory, pH, and pOH

Section 17-2:  Monoprotic Strong Acids and Strong Bases

Section 17-3:  Monoprotic Weak Acids

Section 17-4:  Polyprotic Weak Acids and Sulfuric Acid

Section 17-5:  Bronsted Theory

Section 17-6:  Weak Bases

Section 17-7:  Lewis Structures and Acid Strength

Section 17-8:  Hydrolysis – Aqueous Ions as Acids and Bases

Section 17-9:  Reactions of Nonmetal Oxides with Water to Create Oxoacids

Section 17-10:  Experiment – Determining the Molar Mass of an Unknown Monoprotic Weak Acid by Titration

Section 17-11:  pH at Equivalence Point of a Titration

 

 

 

Chapter 18:  Solubility Equilibrium

 

Section 18-1:  Solubility Equilibrium reactions and Ksp Expressions

Section 18-2:  Molar Solubility and Ksp Calculations

Section 18-3:  Predicting Precipitation Using Qsp

Section 18-4:  Experiment - Determining Ksp Using pH

 

 

 

Chapter 19:  Chemical Kinetics

 

Section 19-1:  Collision Theory and Factors That Increase Chemical Reaction Rates

Section 19-2:  Reaction Energy Profiles (Reaction Progress Diagrams)

Section 19-3:  Reaction Mechanisms

Section 19-4:  Catalysis

Section 19-5:  Determining Reaction Order and Rate Law Using Method of Initial Rates

Section 19-6:  Determining Reaction Order and Rate Law Using Concentration Versus Time Data

 

 

 

Chapter 20: Nuclear Chemistry

 

Section 20-1:  Balancing Nuclear Equations

Section 20-2:  Nuclear Kinetics and Half-Life

 

 

 

Chapter 21:  Colligative Properties

 

Section 21-1:  Molality

Section 21-2:  Freezing Point Depression, Boiling Point Elevation, and the van't Hoff Factor

Section 21-3: Experiment - Determining Molar Mass Using Freezing Point Depression